

Journal Publications
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This section contains a selection of the journal publications authored by past and present members of the Photon Counting group. To go to a particular year of publication simply click on the link in the list below. Individual articles can be downloaded by clicking on the title of the paper.
Selected publications are now available via arXiv.org. Look for the links in square brackets [like this] for details.
2013 2012
2011 2010
2009 2008 2007
2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995
1994 1992
 2013
 N.R. Gemmell, A. McCarthy, B. Liu, M.G. Tanner, S.D. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, M.S. Patterson, G.S. Buller, B.C. Wilson and R.H. Hadfield, "Singlet oxygen luminescence detection with a fiber–coupled superconducting nanowire single–photon detector", Optics Express, 21(4), pp 5005–5013 (2013)
 2012
 P.J. Clarke, R.J. Collins, V. Dunjko, E. Andersson, J. Jeffers and G.S. Buller, "Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase–encoded coherent states of light", Nature Communications, 3 Article number: 1174 (2012)
 M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd and M.J. Padgett,"Imaging high–dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera", Nature Communications, 3, Article number: 984 (2012)
 J. Leach, R.E. Warburton, D.G. Ireland, F. Izdebski, S.M. Barnett, A.M. Yao, G.S. Buller and M.J. Padgett, "Quantum correlations in position, momentum, and intermediate bases for a full optical field of view", Physical Review A, 85, Article ID 013827 (2012)
 2011
 P.J. Clarke, R.J. Collins, P.A. Hiskett, M.J. GarcíaMartínez, N.J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, M.G. Tanner, J.A. O’Connor, C.M. Natarajan, S. Miki, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, I. Rech, M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, R.H. Hadfield, P.D. Townsend and G.S. Buller, "Analysis of detector performance in a gigahertz clock rate quantum key distribution system", New Journal of Physics 13(7), Article ID 075008 (2011)
 A.C. Dada, J. Leach, G.S. Buller, M.J. Padgett and E. Andersson, "Experimental high–dimensional two–photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities", Nature Physics, 7, pp 677–680 (2011)
 J.A. O'Connor, M.G. Tanner, C.M. Natarajan, G.S. Buller, R.J. Warburton, S. Miki, Z. Wang, S.W. Nam and R.H. Hadfield, "Spatial dependence of output pulse delay in a niobium nitride nanowire superconducting single–photon detector", Applied Physics Letters, 98(20), Article ID 201116 (2011)
 P.J. Clarke, R.J. Collins, P.A. Hiskett, P.D. Townsend and G.S. Buller, "Robust GHz fiber quantum key distribution", Applied Physics Letters, 98(13), Article ID 131103 (2011)
 N.J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, I. Rech, M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, G.S. Buller, "Cumulative data acquisition in comparative photon–counting three–dimensional imaging", Journal of Modern Optics, 58(3&4), pp 244–256 (2011)
 R.E. Warburton, F. Izdebski, C. Reimer, J. Leach, D.G. Ireland, M. Padgett, and G.S. Buller, "Single–photon position to time multiplexing using a fiber array", Optics Express, 19(3), pp 2670–2675 (2011)
 2010
 A.M. Wallace, J. Ye, N.J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R.J. Collins and G.S. Buller, "Full waveform analysis for long–range 3D imaging laser radar", EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2010, Article ID 896708 (2010)
 N.J. Krichel, A. McCarthy and G.S. Buller, "Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances", Optics Express, 18(9), pp 91929206 (2010)
 R.J. Collins, P.J. Clarke, V. Fernandez, K.J. Gordon, M.N. Makhonin, J.A. Timpson, A. Tahraoui, M. Hopkinson, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick
and G.S. Buller,"Quantum key distribution system in standard telecommunications fiber using a short wavelength single photon source", Journal of Applied Physics, 107(7), 073102 (2010) [arXiv:1004.4754v1]
 R.J. Collins, R.H. Hadfield and G.S. Buller,"New developments in single photon detection in the short wavelength infrared regime", SPIE Journal of Nanophotonics, 4, 040301 (2010) [invited paper]
 G.S. Buller and R.J. Collins,"Single–photon generation and detection", Journal of Measurement Science and Technology, 21, 012002 (2010) [invited paper]
 2009
 A. McCarthy, R.J. Collins, N.J. Krichel, V. Fernandez, A.M. Wallace and G.S. Buller, "Long–range time–of–flight scanning sensor based on high–speed time–correlated single–photon counting", Applied Optics, 48(32), pp 6241–6251 (2009)
 R.E. Warburton, M. Itzler and G.S. Buller, "Improved free–running InGaAs/InP single–photon avalanche diode detectors operating at room temperature", Electronics Letters, 45(19), pp 996–997 (2009)
 R.E. Warburton, M. Itzler and G.S. Buller, "Freerunning, room temperature operation of an InGaAs/InP single–photon avalanche diode", Applied Physics Letters, 94 (7), Article No 071116 (2009)
 2008
 P.A. Hiskett, C.S. Parry, A. McCarthy and G.S. Buller, "A photon–counting time–of–flight ranging technique developed for the avoidance of range ambiguity at gigahertz clock rates", Optics Express, 16 (18), pp.13685–13698 (2008)
 A.S. Shkolnik, A.V. Savelyev, L.Y. Karachinsky, N.Y. Gordeev, R.P. Seisyan, G.G. Zegrya, S. Pellegrini, G.S. Buller and V.P. Evtikhiev, "The role of transport processes of nonequilibrium charge carriers in radiative properties of arrays of InAs/GaAs quantum dots", Semiconductors, 42 (3), pp 291–297 (2008)
 A.K. Jha, B. Jack, E. Yao, J. Leach, R.W. Boyd, G.S. Buller, S.M. Barnett, S. FrankeArnold and M.J. Padgett, "Fourier relationship between the angle and angular momentum of entangled photons", Physical Review A, 78(4), Article No 043810 (2008)
 2007
 R.E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A.M. Wallace, S. Hernandez–Marin, S.D. Cova, R.A. Lamb and G.S. Buller, "Enhanced performance photon–counting time–of–flight sensor", Optics Express, 15 (2), pp 423–429 (2007)
 R.J. Collins, R.H. Hadfield, V. Fernandez, S.W. Nam and G.S. Buller, "Low timing jitter detector for gigahertz quantum key distribution", Electronics Letters, 43 (3), pp 180–182, (2007) [quantph/0702216]
 V. Fernandez, R.J. Collins, K.J. Gordon, P.D. Townsend and G.S. Buller, "Passive optical network approach to gigahertz–clocked multiuser quantum key distribution", IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 43 (2), pp 130138 (2007) [quantph/0612130]
 J.A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P.S.S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck. S. Lam. D.M. Whittaker, M.S. Skolnick, A.M. Fox, C.Hu, Y–L.D. Ho, R. Gibson, J.G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K.J. Gordon, R.E. Warburton, G.S. Buller, A. Tahraoui, M. Hopkinson and P.W. Fry, "Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars", Journal of Modern Optics, 54 (2–3), pp 453–465 (2007)
 R.E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A.M. Wallace, S. Hernandez–Marin, R.H. Hadfield, S.W. Nam, G.S. Buller, "Subcentimeter depth resolution using a single–photon counting time–of–flight laser ranging system at 1550 nm wavelength", Optics Letters, 32 (15), pp 2266–2268 (2007)
 A. Cleary, A. Glidle, P.J.R. Laybourn, S. García–Blanco, S. Pellegrini, C. Helfter, G.S. Buller, J.S. Aitchison, J.M. Cooper, "Integrating optics and microfluidics for time–correlated single–photon counting in lab–on–a–chip devices", Applied Physics Letters, 91 (7), Article No 071123(2007)
 G.S. Buller, A.M. Wallace, "Ranging and three–dimensional imaging using time–correlated single–photon counting and point–by–point acquisition", IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 13 (4), pp 1006–1015 (2007) [invited paper]
 2006
 S. Pellegrini, R.E. Warburton, L.J.J. Tan, J.S. Ng, A. Krysa, K. Groom, J.P.R. David, S.D. Cova, M.J. Robertson and G.S. Buller, "Design and performance of an InGaAs/InP single–photon avalanche diode detector", IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 42 (4), pp397–403 (2006) [quantph/0605042]
 A.M. Wallace, R. Sung, G.S. Buller, R.D. Harkins, R.E.Warburton and R.A. Lamb, "Detecting and characterising returns in a multi–spectral pulsed lidar system", IEE Proceedings – Vision, Image and Signal Processing, 153 (2), pp160–172 (2006)
 G.S. Buller, S. Pellegrini, R.E. Warburton, L.J.J. Tan, J.S. Ng, A. Krysa, K. Groom, J.P.R. David and S.D. Cova, "Semiconductor Avalanche Diode Detectors for Quantum Cryptography", IEEE–LEOS Newsletter, 20 (5), pp20–24 (2006)
 2005
 K.J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, G.S. Buller, I. Rech, S.D. Cova, and P.D. Townsend, "Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz", Optics Express, 13, pp3015–3020 (2005) [quantph/0605076]
 I.Galbraith, R. Chari, S. Pellegrini, P.J. Phillips, C.J. Dent, A.F.G. van der Meer, D.G. Clarke, A.K. Kar, G.S. Buller, C.R. Pidgeon, B.N. Murdin, J. Allam and G.Strasser, "Excitonic signatures in the photolumineseence and terahertz absorption of a GaAs/Al_{x}Ga_{1–x}As multiple quantum well", Physical Review B, 71 (7), article no. 073302 (2005)
 A.S. Shkolnik, L.Ya. Karachinsky, N. Yu. Gordeev, G.G. Zegrya, V.P. Evtikhiev, S. Pellegrini and G.S. Buller, "Observation of the biexponential ground state decay time behaviour in InAs self–assembled quantum dots grown on misoriented substrates", Applied Physics Letters 86 (21), article no. 211112 (2005)
 A.M. Wallace, G.S. Buller, R.C.W. Sung, R.D. Harkins, A. McCarthy, S. Hernandez–Marin, G.J. Gibson and R.A. Lamb, "Multi–spectral laser detection and ranging for range profiling and surface characterisation", Journal of Optics A: Pure Applied Optics, 7, S438–S444 (2005)
 G.S. Buller, R.D. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P.A. Hiskett, G.R. MacKinnon, G.R. Smith, R. Sung, A.M. Wallace, R.A. Lamb, K.D. Ridley, J.G. Rarity, "A multiple wavelength time–of–flight sensor based on time–correlated single–photon counting", Review of Scientific Instruments, 76 (8), p083112 (2005)
 2004
 L.Ya. Karachinsky, S. Pellegrini, G.S. Buller, A.S. Shkolnik, N. Yu. Gordeev, V.P. Evtikhiev and V.B. Novikov, "Time–Resolved Photoluminescence Measurements of InAs Self–assembled Quantum Dots Grown on Misorientated Substrates", Applied Physics Letters, 84, p7 (2004)
 N. Yu. Gordeev, K.J. Gordon and G.S. Buller, "Tunable electro–optic polarization modulator for quantum key distribution", Optics Communication 234, pp 203–210 (2004)
 K.J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P.D. Townsend, and G.S. Buller, "A Short Wavelength GigaHertz Clocked Fiber–Optic Quantum Key Distribution System", IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 40, pp900–908 (2004) [quantph/0605222]
 2003
 J.M. Smith, P.A. Dalgarno, B. Urbascek, E.J. McGee, G.S. Buller, G.J. Nott, and R.J. Warburton, "Carrier storage and carrier dynamics in quantum–dot heterostructures", Applied Physics Letters, 82, pp3761–3763 (2003)
 2002
 J.M. Smith, G.S. Buller, D. Marshall, A. Miller, and C.C. Button, "Microsecond Carrier Lifetimes in InGaAsP Quantum Wells Emitting at λ=1.5µm", Applied Physics Letters, 80, pp1870–1872 (2002)
 J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, G. Smith, S.D. Cova, M. Umasuthan, A.M. Wallace, "Optical Design and Evaluation of a Three–Dimensional Imaging and Ranging System based on Time–correlated Single Photon Counting", Applied Optics, 41, pp1063–1070 (2002)
 A.Y. Loudon, P.A. Hiskett, G.S. Buller, R.T.Carline, D.C. Herbert, W.Y. Leong, J.G. Rarity, "Enhancement of the infrared Detection Efficiency in Si Photon Counting Avalanche Photodiode using SiGe Absorbing Layers",Optics Letters, 27, pp219–221, (2002)
 2001
 J.M. Smith, P.A. Hiskett, and G.S. Buller, "Picosecond time–resolved photoluminescence at detection wavelengths greater than 1500nm", Optics Letters, 26, pp731–733 (2001)
 J.M. Smith, P.A. Hiskett, I.Gontijo, L.Purves, and G.S. Buller, "A picosecond time–resolved photoluminescence microscope with detection at wavelengths greater than 1500nm", Review of Scientific Instruments, 72, pp2325–2329 (2001)
 P.A. Hiskett, G. Bonfrate, G.S. Buller and P.D. Townsend, "Eighty kilometre transmission experiment using an InGaAs/InP SPAD–based quantum cryptography receiver operating at 1.55µm", Journal of Modern Optics, 48, pp1957–1966 (2001)
 A.M. Wallace, G.S. Buller and A.C. Walker, "3D Imaging and Ranging by Time–Correlated Single Photon Counting", IEE Computing and Control Engineering Journal, 12, pp157–168 (2001) [invited paper]
 P.A. Hiskett, J.M. Smith, G.S. Buller and P.D. Townsend, "Low–noise single–photon detection at a wavelength of 1.55µm", Electronics Letters, 37, pp1081–1083 (2001)
 2000
 S. Pellegrini, G.S. Buller, J.M. Smith, A.M. Wallace, S. Cova, "Laser–based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time–correlated single–photon counting", Measurement Science and Technology, 11, (6) pp712–716 (2000)
 P.A. Hiskett, G.S. Buller, J.M. Smith, A.Y. Loudon, I. Gontijo, A.C. Walker, P.D. Townsend and M.J. Robertson, "Performance and Design of InGaAs/InP Photodiodes for Single–Photon Counting at 1.55µm", Applied Optics, 39, pp 6818–6829, (2000)
 1999
 I. Gontijo, G.S. Buller, J.S, Massa, A.C. Walker, S.V. Zaitsev, N. Yu. Gordeev, V.M. Ustinov, P.S. Kop’ev, "Time–resolved photoluminescence and carrier dynamics in vertically–coupled self–assembled quantum dots", Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 38, pp674–680 (1999)
 1998
 A.M. Wallace, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, J.S. Massa, M. Umasuthan, "Depth Imaging and Metrology based on time–correlated single photon counting", Image Processing Europe, p32, (February 1998) [non–refereed]
 S.J. Fancey, G.S. Buller, J.S. Massa, A.C. Walker, S.D. Perrin, A.J. Dann, M.J. Robertson, "Time–resolved Photoluminescence Study of Strained Layer InGaAsP/InP Heterostructures", Journal of Crystal Growth, 183, p269–273 (1998)
 M. Umasuthan, A.M. Wallace, J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, and A.C. Walker, "Processing Time–Correlated Single–Photon Counting Data to Acquire Range Images", IEE Proceedings: Vision, Image and Signal Processing, 145, pp237–243 (1998)
 A Saher Helmy, N.P. Johnson, M.I. Ke, A.C. Bryce, J.S.Aitchison, J.H. Marsh, I. Gontijo, G.S. Buller, J. Davidson, P. Dawson, "A Study of Impurity–Free Vacancy Disordering in GaAs–AlGaAs for Improved Modelling", IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 4, pp661–668 (1998)
 J.S.Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, S.Cova, M. Umasuthan, A.M. Wallace, "Time–of–Flight Optical Ranging System Based on Time–Correlated Single–Photon Counting", Applied Optics, 37, pp7268–7304 (1998)
 S.V. Zaitsev, N.Yu. Gordeev, M. P. Soshnikov, J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, "Ultrafast Absorber Saturation Process and Short Pulse Formation in Injection Lasers", Journal of Applied Physics, 84, pp5441–5444 (1998)
 1997
 J.S. Massa, A.M. Wallace, G.S. Buller, S.J. Fancey and A.C. Walker, "Laser depth measurement based on time–correlated single photon counting", Optics Letter, 22, p543 (1997)
 J.S. Massa G.S. Buller, and A.C. Walker, "Time–resolved Photoluminescence Studies of Cross–Well Transport in a Biased GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Well p–i–n Structure", Journal of Applied Physics, 82, pp712–717 (1997)
 1996
 G.S. Buller, S.J. Fancey, J.S. Massa, A.C. Walker, S. Cova, and A. Lacaita, "Time Resolved Photoluminescence Measurements of InGaAs/InP Multiple Quantum Well Structures at 1.3µm wavelengths by use of Germanium Single–Photon Avalanche Diodes", Applied Optics, 35, p916 (1996)
 J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, J. Simpson, G. Horsburgh, J.T. Mullins, K.A. Prior, and B.C. Cavenett, "A Study of the Excess Carrier Dynamics in ZnSe Based Structures Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy", Journal of Crystal Growth, 159, pp 402–405 (1996)
 S.J. Fancey, G.S. Buller, J.S. Massa, A.C. Walker, C.J. McLean, A. McKee, A.C. Bryce, J.H. Marsh, and R.L. De La Rue, "Time–resolved photoluminescence microscopy of GaInAs/GaInAsP quantum wells intermixed using a pulsed laser technique", Journal of Applied Physics, 79, p9390 (1996)
Also published in "Selected Papers on Quantum Well Intermixing for Photonics", Ed. Herbert Li, SPIE MS 145 (1998)
 1995
 J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, G. Horsburgh, J.T. Mulling, K.A. Prior, and B.C. Cavenett, "Carrier Recombination Studies of ZnCdSe/ZnSe Single Quantum Wells Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy", Applied Physics Letters, 66, p1346 (1995)
 J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, J. Simpson, K.A. Prior, and B.C. Cavenett, "Investigation of Minority Carrier Trapping in n–type Doped ZnSe using Photoluminescence Decay Measurements", Applied Physics Letters, 67, p61 (1995)
 1994
 1992
 G.S. Buller, J.S. Massa and A.C. Walker, "All–Solid–State Microscope–based System for Picosecond Time–Resolved Photoluminescence Measurements on II–VI Semiconductors", Review of Scientific Instruments, 63, p2994 (1992)
 J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, J.L. Oudar, E.V.K. Rao, B.G. Sfez and R. Kuselewicz, "Evidence of Carrier Confinement in Nonlinear GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Well Microresonators Fabricated using Alloy Mixing Techniques", Applied Physics Letters, 61, p.2205 (1992)
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